Forwards present credit risk, but futures do not, as a clearing house guarantees the risk of default by shifting both parts of the trade and brand to market their positions each night. Forwards are in principle unregulated, while futures are regulated at the federal level. Offset margins are financial guarantees to ensure that companies or companies comply with their clients` open futures and options contracts. Clearing margins are different from the customer margins that individual buyers and sellers of futures and options must file with brokers. The initial margin is the capital needed to open a futures position. It is a kind of loyalty of services. The maximum exposure is not limited to the amount of the initial margin, but the Initial Margin requirement is calculated on the basis of the estimated maximum change in the value of the contract in a trading day. The initial margin is set by the Stock Exchange. Traders can also trade options on futures. As with stock options, futures options give the buyer the right (option) to buy or sell a futures contract until a given day.
Futures options cost less than buying a real futures contract. This can reduce the risk (if used wisely) and also allows more traders to achieve greater diversification. The return on convenience is not easily observable or measurable, so it is often calculated when and you are known as the borrowing rate paid by investors who sell on the spot to arbitrate the futures price.  Dividend or yield yields are easier to observe or estimate and can be included in the same way: Futures and futures are financial instruments that allow market participants to offset or bear the risk of changes in the price of an asset over time. The Exchange also guarantees compliance with the contract, thus eliminating counterparty risk. Each exchange-traded futures contract is cleared centrally. This means that when a futures contract is bought or sold, the exchange becomes the buyer for each seller and the seller for each buyer. This significantly reduces the credit risk associated with the default of a buyer or seller….